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The World’s Lightest Materials

The simplest things in the world have been invented recently. Thanks to the efforts of German scientists from the University of Kiel, humankind can boast 99 percent air compresses. In fact it is an interesting invention that cannot but surprise both scientific circles and ordinary people. It was called Aerographite.

The texture of the material is reflected in the carbon tubes with holes connected at the nano and micro level. Its average diameter is 15 feet [15 m]. Therefore, this featherweight item can cover large areas, which contributes to its unique shape. Aerographite can be used to produce waterproof clothing, lightweight computers and water and air filters. Other real Aerographite properties include high electrical conductivity and chemical stability. This adds another area to its implementation. Experts say that Aerographite may be useful for covering space shuttles and satellites.

One might ask how Aerographite is produced. In fact, it was formed during the burning of zinc oxide powder at temperatures of 900 degrees Celsius. To do this, it is placed in the oven, where it acquires a crystalline form after heating. Scientists have discovered this foam object while studying a three-dimensional three-dimensional carbon structure connected by a magnetic field. Aerographite is reported to be more stable than fragile aerogels: it can carry weight, 35 times larger than an airgel sample of the same weight.

It is also fitting to name the great rivals of Aerographite, who were logically annoyed since its inception. The first is a metal micro grating discovered by American scientists. The building consists of steel pipes that are always intersected. The material is produced by nickel-phosphorus coating for polymer micro grating. It is designed to improve the quality of modern architecture. Another simple material, mentioned in the article, is aerogel. The airgel production process indicates that the liquid phase is completely replaced by gas. Aerogels are lighter and more dense than air, which is termed solid smoke. The discovery of Airgel is a success for Finnish scientists from Helsinki University of Technology. They combine airgel with nano cellulose. Unique attributes of this item are confirmed by laboratory results. A 500-gram piece of airgel can cover five standard household refrigerators, weighing about half a ton in total. In their previous studies, the same team showed that the material is a large sponge, capable of effectively purifying oil spills.

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