Supermassive Black Hole

Discovery Oldest and Largest Supermassive Black Hole after Big Bang

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“The Jane Webb Telescope discovered a supermassive black hole in a galaxy that formed 470 million years after the Big Bang.”

The newly discovered black hole breaks all records found throughout history and is the oldest and largest black hole in existence during that age. 

The Earth Born after Big Bang

Our universe, born after the Big Bang, is 13.8 billion years old. The galaxy at the center of this black hole may have formed about 470 million years after the Big Bang. On average, galaxies begin to form around 300-400 million years after the Big Bang.

Black holes are very (extremely) massive and dense. Everyone must have heard. The gravity of black holes is so strong that even light cannot escape. “If even ordinary black holes have that much power, I can’t describe in words the existence of the giant black hole we found now. Estimates suggest the black hole’s mass equals the mass of the entire galaxy where it sits.” 

Janes Webb Telescope

It is said that this giant black hole was discovered by two space telescopes. The first thing I saw was the Janes Webb Telescope. Jane’s Web tracked down some of the light from that galaxy. Currently, that galaxy is about 140 million times more dense than the mass of our parent star, the Sun, and is named UHZ1.

JWST detected the galaxy using gravitational lensing. To put it simply, objects of space that are very dense in terms of mass are curved by the space-time landscape around them. The rays of light passing through that patio have to bend. Some concepts in Einstein’s theory of relativity. 

UHZ1

It looks like Jane’s Web detected the cluster of galaxies in which the galaxy is located. “When the light from UHZ1 passes through the cluster, the telescope observes that the space-time curve distorts due to the mass density of the cluster, bending the light abnormally. The large cluster of galaxies is named Abell 2744.”

Jane’s Webb’s discovery was followed for two weeks by the Chandra X-ray Telescope, which revealed high-energy X-rays coming from a super-dense black hole at the center of the galaxy and a large ring of gas swirling around it. 

Located of back hole

If we analyze the X-ray spectrum and calculate its energy, we can measure the gravity of the black hole. According to the average estimate in this way, the black hole located at the center of the UHZ1 galaxy may have tens of millions to hundreds of millions of solar masses. If we weigh it with the mass of the galaxy, it is not tilted. 

UHZ1 is small in size compared to other galaxies. Experts say that this galaxy has been this size for a long time. However, it is still difficult to tell whether it merged with other galaxies, or whether it became massive due to the pull of giant gas clouds. That’s why there is still no solution to how these giant black holes formed in the center of these galaxies.

The size of back 🕳️

The size of this black hole is very large. “Its age makes it the oldest black hole ever detected by X-rays, helping us understand the origin and direction of supermassive black holes.”

Light waves from these space masses come from very far away, so it takes a long time for the light emitted from them to reach us.

But now, using the captured light waves, we will be able to trace back to the past two million billion years. In this way, the hairy apes will have a way to understand the beginning of everything.

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